Home    Daman and Diu Information  History People Culture

 History People Culture


History | People | Culture

 History

History of Daman: Over more than 2000 History in Daman years Daman boasts of a rich historical heritage spaninng. The district of Daman of the erstwhile Union Territory of Goa, Daman is situated in the Surat District of Gujarat. From 2nd Century A.D., it formed a part of the country known as Lata, which was one of the seven divisions of Konkan Vaishaya.

In 273 to 136 B.C, The Emperor Ashoka was found in Saurashtra and Sopara near Bombay. Satrya Kshatrapas under the Kushana emperor seemed to have ruled over Daman District during the first century, A.D. The Coins of Bhumaka and Nahapan, the kshaharata rulers were discovered in the surrounding areas of Surat District. Ushavadatta, son-in-law of Nahapan, is said to have provided ferries on rivers Dhanuha Dhamana, Parada and Tapi.

This is the earliest reference of these rivers and the names of the places, i.e. Dahanu, Daman and Pardi, remained unchanged for the last 2000 years. The District seems to have been subjected to the rule of Gautamaputra Satakarnin, about 125 A.D., who drove away the Kshaharatas. But Satavahana's rule was short lived.

Rudraman I, grandson of Chastan of Kadamaka branch of Kshatrapas reconquered a large part of Western India including the sea-board from the river Mahi in Gujarat to Ratnagiri by about 150 A.D. from Satavahana ruler, Satakarni, and Daman district again passed under the rule of Kshatrapa Vijayasen (234-239 A.D.) who seems to have ruled over the district till 249 A.D. Abhir king Ishwarasena of Nasik, who conquered the western part of the Deccan from the Satavahanas seems to have been laid by Gautamaputra Yajnashri, campaigns the Kshatrapas from 180 to 200 A.D.

The District seems to have been subjected to the rule of traikutakas during the 5th century, A.D. The Lata Country was ruled by Rashtrakutas of Malkhed in the Deccan directly till 808 A.D. by the successors, Govinda II (575- 795 A.D), Druvaraja - I (795-800 A.D) and Govinda III (800 - 808 A.D.).

Govinda III handed over the Lata kingdom to his brother Indra about. 808 A.D. and was given the title Lateswaramandalasya or the protector of Latamandala. Indra was succeded by his son Karka who seems to have ruled Latamandala with his brother, Govinda jointly till A.D. 826. Druva II, son of Karka came to the throne about 835 A.D. and was succeded by Akalavarsha in. 867. A.D. The District was passed to Tailappa II of the Chalupas of Kalyani in 973 A.D. Tailappa II placed Lata Country in the hands of his relative and general Barrpa alias Dvarappa Chalukya. By the middle of the 13th century, a Rajput prince Ramsingh alias Ramashah seems to have defeated the koli chief Nathorat and established himself in the hilly tract at Asheri of Asserseta near Daman about 1262 A.D. Ramsingh was succeded by his son Somanath in 1295 A.D. The newly founded Ramnagar at the foot of the ghats flourished under Somnath (1335-1360 A.D) and Daram shah (1360-1391 A.D.). Jagatshah succeeded Gopushah and ruled during 1432 A.D. to 1470 A.D. The Portuguese from Shah of Gujarat acquired Daman. They noticed the port of Daman for the first time in 1523. A Portuguese enclave for 4 centuries and a half till the close of the colonial rule in 1961; Daman has been a coveted prize for which princes, monarchs and alien powers waged wars. Muted memories of history lie vaulted in the monuments of Daman. It had been a melting pot, where races and cultures met and mixed to bring forth a multi-coloured identity.

History of Diu: Diu is an island retreat gently rocked by the wind and the wave from the Arabian Sea. Diu offers undisturbed peace and an unusual holiday. Diu is a History in Diu beautiful place with it's splendid and to serve tourist with all of the best services. It has a very great heritage and a rich culture, formed by the mixture of local Gujarati culture and the foreign Portuguese culture. The all over 6 beaches make the trip best to offer all from water sports to bath or sunbath.

The Island of Diu has chaptered History, having been under the possession of and ruled by many Kings and Dynasties; beginning with the Pauranic period and the last being Portuguese from whom it was liberated along with Goa and Daman on 19th December, 1961. The word 'ISLAND'. Pandavas during their fourteen years of exile are believed to have passed a few days at a place known as Mani Nagar (DIU) which was under the Yadavas led by Krishna Vasudeva during Mahabharata period.

According to mythology, Diu was ruled by the great king Jallandhar who was a daitya (Demon) and was killed by Lord Vishnu with his Sudarshan Chakra (disc). The temple of Jallandhar still exists in Diu. Gazetteer of Goa, Daman and Diu says that Diu was known as Jallandhar Ksshetra during Satyug and is famouos for its Jallandhar temple. As daitya (Demon) Jallandhar harassed the Gods, Lord Vishnu left Sudarshan Chakra after killing Jallandhar is known as Chakra tirtha which is situated in Diu.

The Gazetteer further states that Diu was ruled by the Mauryans during 322-320 BC and was the main trade center on the Saurashtra Coast. The State of Saurashtra including Diu was ruled by the Kshatrapas from the 1st century AD to 415 AD, by the Guptas from 415 AD to 467 AD, by the Maitrakas from 470 AD to 788 AD, by Chavda dynasty of Gujarat and Saurashtra from 789 AD to 941 Ad who kept their capital at Diu; by the Chalukyas who succeeded to the power in AD 941 and the Chavdas ruled over the Somnath Patan and Diu under the Chalukya as Local Chieftains.

In AD 1020 Sultan Mahmud Ghazni, his native place to Diu and rocked them. On the return of Mahmud to Ghazni, his native place Chavadas of Diu seem to have increased their power but in AD 1064 the Chalukyas came back again in power and Diu was successively under the sway of Chavda and Vaghela Rajputs, who built a fort here. They were dislodged by Allauddin Khilji, Sultan of Delhi in AD 1297. A Vaja Raja Brahmadas tried to capture it but the attack was repulsed and the Raja had to take shelter in Diu. Muzaffar Khan, the then Governor of Gujarat and it was attacked several times by the Portuguese because of its strategic importance right from 1518 to 1535. When the Moghul emperor Humayun attacked the Shah, the latter entered into a treaty on 05/10/1535 with the Portuguese. Governor Nuno De Cunha constructed a fort in Diu and raised his arsenal. Diu was finally seized by the Governor Joao de Castro on 10th November, 1546. Simbor, a village of Diu about 42kms away, was conquered in 1722.

Goa, Daman and Diu were the Portuguese possessions in India which 19th December, 1961 during Operation Vijay and in the following year i.e. 1962 they were constituted into a separate Union Territory administered by a Lieut. Governor and a popular Ministry. After Goa became a State, a Union Territory was formed on 30th May, 1987 consisting of two separate District of Daman and Diu.

Diu a former Portuguese enclave, and now a Union Territory, is steeped in history. It was a seaport and naval base of considerable strategic importance from the 14th to 16th Centuries. It was also a vital trade link with the rest of India for traders overseas. Diu was under the sway of Chanda and Vaghela dynasties till the 14th Century. The Muslim rulers ruled over the island town till 1380 AD. Then came the mighty wave of invasion of the foreign rule that lasted well nigh upto 450 years.


 People

People in Daman in Daman and Diu

The population of Daman & Diu 1,12,949 (2001 census) and the population density is 1583 persons per square kilometer. More than 68 percent of districts population resides in the Village, (21 in number) whose main occupation is fishing, agriculture and working in non agriculture sector. Number of females per thousand male (sex ratio) in the district is 591. The literacy rate is 83.6 percent.The majority population is Hindus with Muslims and Christians making a significant presence. The tribals (schedule caste and tribe) constitute about 12 percent of total population. The religious customs of the majority population are no different from the people in the adjoining Gujarat area.


 Culture

Culture in Daman in Daman and Diu

Daman & Diu faced multi cultural heritage. Dance and Music are very much part of the daily life of Damanite. Here is a true fusion of cultures - tribal, urban, European and Indian.This ornate amalgam is reflected in the traditional dances of Daman & Diu. Various Portuguese dances are well preserved and still widely presented.Tribal dances with caustic social comments are much in vogue.


 Daman Hotels and Resorts


 Diu Hotels and Resorts



List of Hotels in Diu>>


 Daman-and-Diu Tours


TOUR NAME DURATION PLACES
 Tour_1 00 Nights & 00 Days Loc-Loc-Loc
Katra Tour 1

Tour Information

  • Starting Point:
  • Point

  • Ending Point:
  • Point

  • Duration:
  • 00 Nights / 00 Days


  • More Info >>
 Tour_2 00 Nights & 00 Days Loc-Loc-Loc
Katra Tour 3

Tour Information

  • Starting Point:
  • Point

  • Ending Point:
  • Point

  • Duration:
  • 00 Nights / 00 Days


  • More Info >>

Online Enquiry Form

    First Name

    Email Id

    Contact Number

    City

    Country
    Preferred Hotel

    Check In
    Check Out
    Room Type

    No. of Rooms

    No. of Adults

    Child (0-12 yrs)

    Any Other Requirement
    First name

    Last name
    Email Id

    Contact Number

    City

    Country
    Arrival Date
     
    Tour Duration

    Rooms Required

    No. of Adults

    Child (0-12 yrs)

    Preferred Hotel

    Holiday Type

    Car / Coach
    Type
    Range
    Any Other Requirement
    First name

    Last name
    Email Id

    Contact Number

    City

    Country
    Arrival Date
     
    Duration

    Pick-up from

    No. of Adults

    Child (0-12 yrs)

    Car / Coach
    Type
    Range

    Any Other Requirement